Children should develop skills in speaking, listening, reading and writing to enable them to express themselves creatively and imaginatively, and to communicate with others effectively. They will learn to become enthusiastic and critical readers of stories, poetry and drama as well as non-fiction and media texts.




Spoken language

  • to speak clearly, fluently and confidently to a range of audiences
  • to listen to, understand and respond to other people
  • to join in group discussions
  • to participate in a range of drama activities



  • to read with fluency, accuracy and understanding, using a range of strategies
  • to read for information and enjoyment
  • to understand, interpret and appreciate a wide range of fiction and non-fiction texts



  • to develop writing skills through composing, planning, drafting and editing
  • to use punctuation correctly
  • to create and shape sentences and texts
  • to use a range of spelling strategies
  • to understand text structure and organisation                                                                                 
  • to write legibly and fluently
  • to understand and use Standard English
  • to have an awareness of audience and purpose and adapt writing appropriately



Through reading, pupils have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually and we aim to foster in all our children a love of books so that they become readers for life. Their progress is carefully monitored and a wide range of books (fiction and non-fiction) make up our guided and individual reading approach.



At St Mary’s, we use THRASS to teach children sounds and letters, and to support the development of spelling, reading and handwriting skills.


Guided reading

At St Mary’s, guided reading is a highly-valued means of improving reading skills, comprehension skills and group discussion. All children read as part of a small group, usually outside the literacy lesson. The questioning and discussions that take place during the course of these sessions promote, strengthen and lead to the acquisition of higher order reading skills.  



We have well-resourced and efficiently run libraries for the Infants and Key Stage 2. The borrowing section of our library is electronically logged and children can scan out their own books.  We also have a growing reference section of the library which children can use for independent research during or outside lesson time. Children are supported to select books, to embrace what a library offers them and to develop their curiosity of the world.


Help and support

All children receive quality first literacy teaching on a daily basis and activities are differentiated accordingly. In addition, where identified pupils are considered to require targeted support to enable them to work towards age-related objectives, intervention programmes will be implemented. These will usually involve 1:1 sessions or small group support designed to meet individual needs. We encourage parental support in the form of daily reading at home.